1.Make smaller or less in amount, degree, or size.
‘the need for businesses to reduce costs'
‘the workforce has been reduced to some 6,100'
‘But what is being done to try and lower this risk and thus reduce the cost of car insurance for everyone?'
‘The current focus is on risk management and reducing the costs of handling claims.'
‘It is not surprising that Europeans are prepared to pay a considerable amount to reduce the risk of such a change.'
2.Become smaller or less in size, amount, or degree.
‘the number of priority homeless cases has reduced slightly'
‘Since the launch of the police operation the group has reduced in size considerably.'
‘However, on the wheeled bin system the crew size reduces from four down to two loaders.'
‘At the same time the number of senior managers has slightly reduced.'
‘Criminal damage reports also reduced, falling from 30 in June and July to 14 in August and September.'
3.Boil (a sauce or other liquid) in cooking so that it becomes thicker and more concentrated.
‘increase the heat and reduce the liquid'
‘Season with a pinch of salt, add double cream, bubble for another minute or two, shaking the pan occasionally, until the sauce is reduced and nice and glossy.'
‘Bring to the boil and simmer for 15 minutes, reducing the liquid to a syrupy consistency.'
‘Add the wings back to the pan along with the chicken stock and tarragon and reduce the liquid by two thirds.'
‘Cook over medium heat, reducing the liquid by one-third to make a syrup.'
4.(of a person) lose weight, typically by dieting.
‘by May she had reduced to 9 stone'
‘Respondents were asked to name reasons why patients had not reduced, if they had not done so.'
5.Make (a negative or print) less dense.
‘I have noted that the print is reduced considerably during this washing process, but usually regains its full tonal range in the fix.'
6.Articulate (a speech sound) in a way requiring less muscular effort, giving rise in vowels to a more central articulatory position.
7.Bring someone or something to (a worse or less desirable state or condition)
‘she has been reduced to near poverty'
‘the church was reduced to rubble'
‘The rivers that were raging torrents as I crossed them last December were reduced to babbling brooks.'
‘The family was distraught on Monday after a lifetime's possessions were reduced to ashes in just minutes.'
‘Survivors pulled belongings out of their destroyed homes, some of which were reduced to piles of dust.'
8.Be forced by difficult circumstances into doing something desperate.
‘ordinary soldiers are reduced to begging'
‘Even the Germans, who had taken a lot of goals off Rangers in the semi-final and were a top side, were reduced to chasing shadows by the end.'
‘Yet the group failed to produce any biological agent, and were reduced to poking bags with umbrellas to disseminate the sarin gas they were able to make.'
‘She and her sister stayed in Moscow where they were reduced to burning books for warmth.'
‘After Owen's long-range gem, Patrik Berger struck from similar distance and Boro were reduced to chasing shadows from then on.'
9.Make someone helpless with (shock, anguish, or amusement)
‘Olga was reduced to stunned silence'
‘Staff were reduced to tears when they surveyed the results at Redbridge Primary School.'
‘Apparently when American theatre audiences heard the song they were reduced to tears.'
‘The audience of parents, grandparents, Godparents and families were reduced to helpless fits of giggles.'
‘It was all too much for my uncle's sons who were reduced to pathetic sobs.'
10.Force someone into (obedience or submission)
‘he reduced his grandees to due obedience'
11.Change a substance to (a different or more basic form)
‘it is difficult to understand how lava could have been reduced to dust'
‘Alkaline hydrolysis or tissue digestion works by breaking apart the chemical bonds that hold proteins together, reducing them to their basic components.'
‘Next, days-old worker bees beat their wings to ventilate the open honeycombs, in order to reduce the substance to a purer sugar.'
12.Present a problem or subject in (a simplified form)
‘he reduces unimaginable statistics to manageable proportions'
‘He approaches the subject with thoroughness and a distinct effort to reduce its apparent complexity to simpler, actionable concepts.'
‘To simplify our description, we can reduce it to the following steps.'
‘The complexities of the quality of social relationships would be reduced to such simplistic proxy variables.'
‘Most science involves taking a large subject and reducing it to ever smaller, more precise questions.'
13.Convert a fraction to (the form with the lowest terms).
‘But Zu would know how to reduce fractions to their lowest terms by dividing top and bottom by the greatest common divisor.'
‘There is no need to reduce the proper fractions to their lowest forms - Euclid's algorithm will still give the correct CF.'
14.Cause to combine chemically with hydrogen.
‘hydrogen for reducing the carbon dioxide'
15.Undergo or cause to undergo a reaction in which electrons are gained from another substance or molecule.
‘this compound reduces to potassium chloride'
‘the arsenic is reduced to the trivalent condition'
‘Reactions in which atoms of the same element are both oxidized and reduced are disproportionation reactions.'
‘During these reactions, the molecule that donates the electron is oxidized and the molecule that accepts the electron is reduced.'
‘Likewise, when an atom is reduced, it gains an electron and becomes more negative.'
16.Restore (a dislocated part of the body) to its proper position by manipulation or surgery.
‘Joe's reducing a dislocated thumb'
‘Kocher's manoeuvre was attempted to reduce the dislocation.'
‘The dislocation should be reduced as soon as possible.'
‘The dislocation is reduced at the hospital in Taos, but there are so many broken bones that I'll need surgery.'
17.Besiege and capture (a town or fortress).
‘Further, he set aside the likelihood that siege guns and time would reduce the fortress.'
‘Fortresses were redesigned to take advantage of the defensive potential of modern firearms and techniques for besieging and reducing fortresses were refined.'
‘A couple of weeks was spent reducing the last major fortress to the south of Antioch, then Raymond led the army southward on 13 January 1099.'