1.Having an uneven or irregular surface; not smooth or level.
‘they had to carry the victim across the rough , stony ground'
‘her skin felt dry and rough'
‘Furniture replaced itself, but rough cloth became silk and plain wood shiny mahogany.'
‘Abbey gulped as she felt her wrists get tied together with rough rope.'
‘The ornate rugs on the rough, wooden floor seemed to be nothing but pieces of carpet, dirt scuffing away the designs of its former glamour.'
2.Denoting the face of a tennis or squash racket on which the loops formed from the stringing process project (used as a call when the racket is spun to decide the right to serve first or to choose ends).
3.(of a person or their behaviour) not gentle; violent or boisterous.
‘pushchairs should be capable of withstanding rough treatment'
‘They all had a nice chuckle when she informed them that she had a bit of experience playing football, but was kicked out of the league because she was too rough for most of the boys.'
‘As the Tavern continued to party, a table full of rough looking men stopped their discussion and looked up to where the fat cleric had his back to them.'
‘A group of rough looking men sat around a fire, drinking and laughing heartily.'
‘He was harsh and demanding, rough and wild and erotic.'
4.(of an area or occasion) characterized by violent behaviour.
‘the workmen hate going to the rough estates'
‘The area they moved to was rough, and Troy was soon caught up in a bad crowd.'
‘It is a very rough place and rarely does anyone from this area go there.'
‘Although not a particularly rough town it had its unruly inhabitants, as did all dock towns.'
‘Our house was situated in a rough section of town that was now undergoing the early stages of gentrification.'
5.(of weather or the sea) wild and stormy.
‘the lifeboat crew braved rough seas to rescue a couple'
‘I chose to disregard it - I figured we had just hit rough seas.'
‘He hugged her again, and she clung to him as if he was a raft in a rough sea.'
‘What a fragile vessel to sail into the rough seas that lay ahead!'
‘It was drawing close to winter, so the ocean was rough.'
6.Not finished tidily or decoratively; plain and basic.
‘the customers sat at rough wooden tables'
‘She had spotted him sitting in one corner, dark except for the candle on the table, which was dripping hot wax onto the rough, wooden table.'
‘A rough, wooden, two-stick candelabrum graced one table, while the other sported a heavy glass oil lamp.'
‘The house didn't look as rough when the trio finished their work, and they were immensely proud.'
‘In the corner there was a rough looking table made of cheap wood with many knot holes, with a corresponding short stool the Duke was seated on.'
7.Put together as a temporary measure; makeshift.
‘he had one arm in a rough sling'
‘Drake grabbed a handful of his hair and twisted cruelly just as he finished tying off the rough bandage.'
‘Throw together a rough prototype to bounce off users.'
‘The finished products were rough looking, but they held together.'
‘He was standing frozen in the doorway, a rough sack of belongings slung over his shoulder.'
8.Lacking sophistication or refinement.
‘she took care of him in her rough, kindly way'
‘They spoke together in their own rough language for a while before Rastif brought Sanchen over to them.'
‘Yet delicacy is not defeated, and this ambiguity in Jansons's paint handling - is it rough or is it refined?'
‘Ultimately this scheme has to do with the architects' pleasure in materials and light, and in juxtaposition of the rough and refined.'
9.Not fully worked out or including every detail.
‘he had a rough draft of his new novel'
‘While no fully unified vision emerged, the basic parameters of a rough consensus were forged during these years.'
‘Now that I was getting somewhere, I took out another piece of paper to write my rough draft on.'
‘Even though details are still rough, it's good to know that it placed so much thought into this masterpiece.'
‘Woodward's book is just the first, very rough draft of that key time in America's history.'
10.(of stationery) used for making preliminary notes.
11.(of a voice) harsh and rasping.
‘his voice was rough with barely suppressed fury'
‘‘I suppose if we're to be living together I should know who you are,' he said in his rough voice.'
‘Unable to even squint at the harsh light, her voice was rough and dry.'
‘The soldier's voice was rough as he spoke to the innkeeper.'
‘Considering his height, then the steely look and his rough voice, both of which reminded me a lot of Carey, he was a rather intimidating person, even to me.'
12.(of wine or another alcoholic drink) sharp or harsh in taste.
‘he refilled the mug with rough cider'
‘It is a lusty, even rough blend of Grenache, Syrah and Carignan.'
‘The rough red Italian vino was on the table for every meal and we drank it instead of water, not being too certain of the purity of the ship's drinking water.'
‘A fine wine match here is this rustic, slightly rough and spicy 100 per cent organic red, with enough heat and heft to manage the lamb.'
‘Good weight of fruit and a vaguely rough tannins lead to an unsurprising warm alcoholic finish.'
13.Not exact or precise; approximate.
‘they had a rough idea of when the murder took place'
‘it'll cost about £50, at a rough guess'
‘At a rough guess, that would give use room for around 800 songs, which is still plenty.'
‘I normally have a rough idea as to how much money I need to pay out each month.'
‘A task, in common usability lingo, is a rough measure for a user activity.'
14.Difficult and unpleasant or unfair.
‘the teachers gave me a rough time because my image didn't fit'
‘the first day of a job is rough on everyone'
‘Moreover, it was clear that a shy, sensitive boy like me was not fit to encounter the rough experience of a public school.'
‘If this was the explanation, then they could be in for a rough time.'
‘He had a rough time with the bills piling up, the electricity and water going off sometimes when he least expected it.'
‘the altitude had hit her and she was feeling rough'
‘treat 'em rough but treat 'em fair'
‘the rear of the column was attacked by roughs'
2.A disreputable and violent person.
‘Exhausted, the roughs finally shaken off, at 1 a.m. the sweat-soaked, frightened, and bedraggled dandy hammered at the door of his last-hope refuge.'
‘Two teams of roughs, clothed in only their union-suits, attempt to wrest the boar-skin from each other's possession.'
3.(on a golf course) longer grass around the fairway and the green.
‘his second shot lay in the rough'
‘The 425-yard par four is a dog-leg right, with trees lining the left side and heavy rough and a fairway bunker on the right.'
‘Paul Crowe, the club's golf manager, describes it to me as ‘primal - a battle with the elements and natural roughs.''
4.A preliminary sketch.
‘I did a rough to work out the scale of the lettering'
‘Then I went into the mixing studio for six weeks and worked from 7.00 am to 8: 30 am doing the drawings and colour roughs.'
‘Since most do not want to believe me, at a couple of random points during the semester, I will take one of the student's pinned-up roughs and wax poetic about various points and rationales.'
‘Behind the jar, a sketch pad is peopled with figurative roughs, historical drafts - the preliminaries of art and history, of cultural recognition.'
‘They want something new every time, and heaven forbid you actually made a ‘good design' on the first set of roughs.'
5.An uncut precious stone.
‘miners discovered one of the biggest diamond roughs in history'
‘Over the course of six decades, Frank Sinatra managed to be both the diamond and the rough.'
1.An uncut precious stone.
‘flat surfaces of wood are roughed down'
2.Work or shape (something) in a rough, preliminary fashion.
‘Using that comp, the artist roughs out a model in Maya.'
‘Few anchorages were available in this vast maze of coastline, with its network of inlets whose beds had been roughed in with decisive strokes of Nature's creative tools.'
‘The closet bend and toilet floor flange must be roughed in first.'
3.Produce a preliminary and unfinished version of something.
‘the engineer roughed out a diagram on his notepad'
‘Once Thompson had roughed out a design that divided the 3,300 square feet into four distinct areas, Lennon took a look and had him open up the design to allow for more square footage in the A room.'
‘One day in March I was roughing out a scene in the script in which the off-screen voice of my aunt was introducing the action in the laundry room of a typical Argentine house.'
‘In the beginning, we would sit together at a computer in New York or Chicago and rough things out, which was a lot of fun but extremely unproductive.'
‘There is however one last snaggette to the system we've just been roughing out.'
‘rough up the icing with a palette knife'
‘Grosvenor used a chain saw to rough up the top face of the work, which is at a tall viewer's eye level.'
‘The ice is roughed up pretty badly, which slows things down and keeps me from busting my tail.'
‘It was flat at the sides, where it was cut quite short, and the top was longer, his fringe was roughed up, the kind of style that makes you want to run your fingers through it!'
‘Peter smiled and roughed his hair like he was just a kid.'
5.Live in discomfort with only basic necessities.
‘she'd had to rough it alone in digs'
‘Little Nicky may be an exact copy of his DNA-donor, but Gordie was a stray for a couple of years and roughed it.'
‘‘I'm all for sleeping in these clothes and roughing it tonight,' she muttered.'
‘She also found that while she was supposed to be attending equestrian lessons, she was ditching them more and more often in favor of simply saddling her horse western style and roughing it on the trails.'
‘It's all very well roughing it in your twenties, but it tends to lose its novelty after a while.'