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    外国散文:书海拾贝

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    But for all its half-truth, it embodies a radical error which bids fair to stifle the genius of the modern world.

    但是这个片面道理却包含着一个本性的错误,它抑制了天才智慧。

    属类:文学表达-外国散文-书海拾贝

    I do not know who was first responsible for this analogy of the mind to a dead instrument.

    我不知道是谁提出头脑是一个工具的。

    属类:文学表达-外国散文-书海拾贝

    For aught I know, it may have been one of the seven wise men of Greece, or a committee of the whole lot of them.

    对比我一无所知,也可能是希腊七智中的哪一个或者他们七个商量后共同弄出来的。

    属类:文学表达-外国散文-书海拾贝

    Whoever was the originator, there can be no doubt of the authority which it has acquired by the continuous approval bestowed upon it by eminent persons.

    到底谁是始作俑者先不管,由于受到名流们的推崇,这种说法毫无疑问已经获得了很大的权威。

    属类:文学表达-外国散文-书海拾贝

    But whatever its weight of authority, whatever the high approval which it can quote, I have no hesitation in denouncing it as one of the most fatal, erroneous, and dangerous conceptions ever introduced into the theory of education.

    但是不管它的权威有多大,不管它能援引的称赞有多强大,我都毫不犹豫地肯定,对教育理论而言,这就是一个最要命、最错误和最危险的观念。

    属类:文学表达-外国散文-书海拾贝

    The mind is never passive; it is a perpetual activity, delicate, receptive, responsive to stimulus.

    头脑从来都不是被动的,它一息不停地活动,非常灵敏,富于接受事物,对刺激感觉敏锐。

    属类:文学表达-外国散文-书海拾贝

    You cannot postpone its life until you have sharpened it. Whatever interest attaches to your subject-matter must be evoked here and now

    你不能等你反它塑造后再去使用它。不管你的题材会引起什么兴趣,这种兴趣必须此时此地就召唤起来

    属类:文学表达-外国散文-书海拾贝

    Whatever powers you are strengthening in the pupil, must be exercised here and now;whatever possibilities of mental life your teaching should impart, must be exhibited here and now.

    不管你如何培养自己的学生,他的能力必须此时此地就能运用起;不管你会对学生的思想产生怎样的影响,这些倾向此时此地就展示出来。

    属类:文学表达-外国散文-书海拾贝

    That is the golden rule of education, and a very difficult ride to follow.

    这就是教育上的规律,一条很最难把握的规律。

    属类:文学表达-外国散文-书海拾贝

    The difficulty is just this: the apprehension of general ideas, intellectual habits of mind, and pleasurable interest in mental achievement can be evoked by no form of words, however accurately adjusted.

    困难就是这样:一般概念的理解,思维活动的习展惯,精神收获的愉悦,即使安排得恰如其分,也不好用语言形式确切地表达。

    属类:文学表达-外国散文-书海拾贝

    All practical teachers know that education is a patient process of the mastery of details, minute by minute, hour by hour, day by day.

    从事教学的一线教师们都懂得,教育是个耐心的过程,要掌握具体细切,一分一秒也不能中断。

    属类:文学表达-外国散文-书海拾贝

    There is no royal roads to learning through an airy path of brilliant generalizations.

    学习不会是轻松的,这里没有精美概括的坦途。

    属类:文学表达-外国散文-书海拾贝

    There is a proverb about the difficulty of seeing the wood because of the trees. That difficulty is exactly the point which I am enforcing. The problem of education is to make the pupil see the wood by means of the trees.

    谚语所说的“只见树木,不见树林”,这正是我们要强调的困难。教育的问题正是如何使学生通过树林而看见树木。

    属类:文学表达-外国散文-书海拾贝

    Again, there is not one course of study which merely gives general culture, and another which gives special knowledge.

    再有不是每一门学科仅仅提供专门的知识和内容。

    属类:文学表达-外国散文-书海拾贝

    The subjects pursued for the sake of a general education are special subjects specially studied

    大众教育也是一门专门的学科。

    属类:文学表达-外国散文-书海拾贝

    And, on the other hand, one of the ways of encouraging general mental activity is to foster a special devotion.

    从另一方面讲,培养一种专门爱好也是进行综合教育的一条途径。

    属类:文学表达-外国散文-书海拾贝

    You may not divide the seamless coat of learning.

    学问的综合性是毋庸置疑的。

    属类:文学表达-外国散文-书海拾贝

    What education has to impart is an intimate sense for the power of ideas, for the beauty of ideas, and for the structure of ideas together with a particular body of knowledge which has peculiar reference to the life of the being possessing it.

    教育所传授的就是要建立对思想的力量、思想的美和思想的结构的亲密感觉,此外还要有所专长,作为谋生的手段。

    属类:文学表达-外国散文-书海拾贝

    The appreciation of the structure of ideas is that side of a cultured mind which can only grow under the influence of a special study.

    对思维结构的理解也是智慧的一方面,只有靠学习专门知识才能培养起来。

    属类:文学表达-外国散文-书海拾贝

    I mean that eye for the whole chess-board, for the bearing of one set of ideas on another.

    这就是那种通观全局、善于把握各类思想之间的慧眼。

    属类:文学表达-外国散文-书海拾贝

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