1.A projecting starched frill worn round the neck, characteristic of Elizabethan and Jacobean costume.
‘an Elizabethan ruff '
‘Throughout Lady Rebecca regaled members with interesting titbits and explanations of why the Elizabethans wore shifts, fur trimming, cuffs and ruffs , etc.'
‘If honour meant wearing a great ruff around the neck, shame meant being denuded.'
‘Mascarenhas is a powdered dandy in silk stockings; a fluffy lace ruff brushes his chin.'
‘A trip to a Leeds theatrical costumier's secured the fancy dress, complete with buckled shoes, breeches and elaborate cuffs and ruff .'
2.A projecting or conspicuously coloured ring of feathers or hair round the neck of a bird or mammal.
‘a ruff of long pointed feathers'
‘my nape stirred like the ruff of a dog in a thunderstorm'
‘The Iberian species, however, has a distinctly spotted coat of grayish fur with tints ranging from yellow to rusty orange, a flared ruff framing its face, black ear tufts and tail tips, and long hind legs.'
‘In addition, bicolors have a white ruff , white legs and feet and may have patches of white on their bodies.'
‘The facial ruff and disk are larger in highly nocturnal species, as well as those that hunt prey travelling under the snow.'
3.A pigeon of a domestic breed with a ruff of feathers on its neck.
4.A North Eurasian wading bird, the male of which has a large variously coloured ruff and ear tufts in the breeding season, used in display.
‘We determined the frequencies of polyandrous mating and multiple paternity in the ruff , a lekking shorebird with a genetic dimorphism in male mating behavior.'
‘Purple moorehen, grey heron and a good number of duck species colonise this water body with a few unusual migratory birds such as ruff and reev, glossy ibis and open billed storks joining in.'
‘Elsewhere, we came across storks, ruffs and egrets, and herons of all descriptions.'
‘About 50 species were recorded there including long distance migrants like pallid harriers, ruff and reeves, white ibis, comb ducks, etc.'
5.An edible marine fish of Australian inshore waters that is related to the Australian salmon.
‘declarer ruffed and then led a heart'
2.(in bridge, whist, and similar card games) play a trump in a trick which was led in a different suit.
‘The purpose of making a multiple lead is that provided that each opponent has at least one card of the suit led they cannot win by ruffing .'
‘South could have survived by ruffing with dummy's spade six and running the spade jack, but he extravagantly ruffed with dummy's jack, then played a spade to his queen.'
3.Play a trump on (a card in another suit)
‘South ruffs a low spade'
‘I ruffed the first club in my hand and then played a trump to the ace.'
‘South ruffs a diamond in his hand, he takes the ace of clubs, ruffs a diamond, and leads the king and jack of clubs, pitching a spade from dummy when West covers.'
‘Then I ruffed a diamond, ruffed my last heart with the king and ruffed another diamond.'
1.Play a trump on (a card in another suit)
‘he gave his partner a spade ruff '
2.An act of ruffing or opportunity to ruff.
‘It is often bad to lead the second round of hearts, because of the danger of giving a ruff and discard to the opponents, since there are only six cards in the suit.'
‘This strategy suits hands which look to be strong in honour cards or have a long suit that may be run through without ruffs by the opponent.'
3.One of the basic patterns (rudiments) of drumming, consisting of a single note preceded by either two grace notes played with the other stick (double-stroke ruff or drag) or three grace notes played with alternating sticks (four-stroke ruff).
‘One passage suggests the right hand is playing open and closed high hat notes while simultaneously playing four-stroke ruffs with the left hand.'
‘The Four Stroke Ruff is a wonderful embellishment that has three grace notes and a prime note.'